野田 哲夫（島根大学）East Asia nations have made some progress with this technology, and started to introduce OSS for e-government systems during the early part of this century. Many countries granted it a central role in their policies. The reasons for this include adoption of software based on standard specification, liberation from vender lock-in, or opposition to the market control of proprietary software. However, the primary reason is to reduce adoption costs for e-government systems. We intend to extract the issues of open source introduction policy not accompanied by the technological progress of domestic IT service industry. And this will give an indication to the roles of governments not only in East Asia but also other developing countries.
A multitude of factors are contributing to the upward trend in global adoption and utilization of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). Some of these factors includes global acceptance that FOSS can coexists with its commercial proprietary counterparts; continued improvement in the quality of FOSS; an alternative Bazaar style of developing software which harnesses diverse talents of globally distributed teams of developers; lower total cost of ownership, and hybrid business models opportunities. It is within this complex environment that IT industries are aligning their business strategies with Open Source Software. This new business climate is prompting the IT industry to rethink and readjust the way technologies and software services are being acquired and deployed in their business environments. However, many companies are still struggling to formalize their policies to help them evaluate and catalogue FOSS. This presentation is intended to be an engaging dialogue in which FOSS policy and promotion will be discussed in the light of global trend in the adoption and utilization of FOSS. In particular, the presentation offers cues which may help IT industries reorganize, adapt, forge a new kind of relationship amongst multiple FOSS actors, and strategically revisit their existing (if any) ICT policy strategies.
At first, early history of Internet and open source in China is introduced. It implicates that there is cooperation tradition in ICT in China. Then market status and development environment is discussed. In the conclusion, we can find that over commercialization is the key problem to obstacle open source development in China.
While Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) offers tremendous potential to create technology platforms and develop business opportunities, the best methods to obtain results from FOSS adoption have not always been clear. Simply being 'open' or using third party code appears to have limited value on its own, and does little to address the management requirements or legal imperatives that stakeholders face. This talk will examine some of the key governance approaches and resources that help turn the potential of FOSS into a deliverable, whether that deliverable is a product, revenue stream or altruistic solution to a shared problem. It starts from the premise that the concept of third-party sharing and contribution is the core value proposition in this field, and that it is enshrined in copyright licenses that allow everyone to use, study, share and improve code. As FOSS reaches the mainstream, the licenses are increasingly the subject of legal and management scrutiny, and best practices have inevitably emerged for adopting, developing and deploying code subject to their terms. We will explore how organizations ranging from the Linux Foundation to Free Software Foundation Europe have built networks, encouraged publications and developed tools to assist their own audiences and the broader community of all potential FOSS stakeholders.
Open source has substantial potential that attracts countries who is seeking for the economic development and achievement in IT industry. Specially for Asian countries, open source is now regarded as an important issue of policy making to absorb fast development of IT industry and explore sources of building new competitiveness. During this workshop, the creation of technological knowledge through open source and its use are reviewed through findings of eight researches. As a result, the key function of the policy on promoting open source will be defined as circulation of knowledge through open source as well as growth in market economy.